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CSGO & CS2 Item Economy: 2023 Overview and 2024 Thoughts


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CSGO & CS2 Item Economy: 2023 Overview and 2024 Thoughts

As we embark on the journey into 2024, the dynamic realm of Counter-Strike: Global Offensive (CSGO) and its evolutionary successor, Counter-Strike 2 (CS2), beckons us to reflect upon the riveting twists and turns that defined the item economy throughout the preceding year. From the early whispers of change to the monumental shift with CS2's public release, the ecosystem of coveted skins and in-game items witnessed unprecedented fluctuations. Join us as we traverse the timeline, dissecting the phases from pre-CS2 announcement to public release, exploring the tumultuous yet exhilarating path that led to a new era in the CS universe. With 2024 unfolding, we embark on a speculative journey, contemplating the potential trajectories that await our favorite items in this ever-evolving landscape. Please note that nothing in this article should be used as financial advice.

January - March 2023: Pre-CS2 Announcement

During the initial months of 2023, the Counter-Strike community found itself abuzz with anticipation and speculation as leaks began to surface, hinting at a colossal update destined for Counter-Strike: Global Offensive (CSGO). Whispers in the gaming corridors suggested that this might finally be the long-awaited Source 2 update, unleashing a wave of excitement among players and investors alike. The player base experienced a remarkable surge, growing from an average of 630,000 players in December 2022 to an impressive 843,500 by March 2023, marking an astounding increase of 33.89%. Concurrently, the item market underwent a substantial transformation, with its market cap skyrocketing from $2.2 billion in January to an impressive $3.0 billion by March 2023, reflecting a remarkable surge of 36.36%. This surge in player engagement and market value set the stage for an electrifying period in the CS2 ecosystem, setting the tone for the impending changes that would unfold throughout the year.

April - June 2023: CS2 Limited Test & Gambling Bans

As March drew to a close, the eagerly awaited announcement of Counter-Strike 2 sent shockwaves through the gaming community, and the subsequent distribution of limited test invites heightened the fervor among CS2 enthusiasts. This period witnessed an extraordinary surge in player engagement, with the average player count climbing from the end of March to the end of May, peaking at 1.12 million, a notable increase of 30.57%. However, by June 2023, the player base experienced a marginal contraction, settling at 1.086 million, a slight decrease of 2.82%.

Simultaneously, the item economy embarked on a rollercoaster ride. On April 23rd, the market cap reached its all-time high, soaring to an impressive $4.3 billion, marking a remarkable 41% surge since the announcement of CS2 a month prior. Yet, this exuberance was short-lived, as the item market faced turbulence in June, experiencing a decline to a market cap of $3.2 billion. This downturn was attributed to the widespread bans on gambling suppliers, a wave of restrictions that ruffled the item trading landscape, leaving a lasting impact on the market dynamics. The juxtaposition of soaring highs and unexpected lows during this period showcased the inherent volatility and adaptability within the CS2 and CS2 item economy.

July - September 2023: CS2 Open Beta

During the pivotal period of July to September 2023, Counter-Strike 2 (CS2) continued to shape the landscape of the gaming universe. July proved challenging as the player base witnessed a substantial contraction, plummeting by -18.81% to an average of 882,000 players. However, this setback was ephemeral, as the subsequent months saw a resilient resurgence. Throughout August and September, the player base rebounded with an impressive +10.44% increase, stabilizing at an average of 976,000 players. This resilience underscored the adaptability of the community in the face of transformative changes.

Simultaneously, the item economy mirrored this oscillation, displaying its own trajectory of highs and lows. The market cap, which stood at $3.04 billion in July, experienced a robust upswing, concluding September at $3.52 billion, marking a significant growth of 15.8%. The open beta phase of CS2 showcased the community's ability to weather initial challenges and demonstrated the sustained allure of the Counter-Strike universe as both player engagement and the item economy found equilibrium amid the evolving gaming landscape. However, this bounce in player count and the item economy market cap would soon slide even further than before, known as a "Dead Cat Bounce".

October- December 2023: CS2 Public Release

As the curtain rose on the much-anticipated public release of Counter-Strike 2 (CS2) at the end of September 2023, the community found itself amid mixed emotions. Disappointingly, the release was marred by a lack of new cases or operations, leaving players grappling with an unpolished and somewhat broken gaming experience. The absence of fresh content and the state of the game's functionality contributed to a challenging start for CS2.

This challenging trend persisted into October, as the average player count plummeted by -18.85%, dwindling to 792,000. November brought further setbacks, with a continued decline of -9.8%, reaching an average player count of 714,500. However, the final month of the year marked a glimmer of recovery, witnessing a commendable rebound of +7.78% in December, with the average player count climbing back to 770,000. These fluctuations underscored the resilience of the player base, adapting to the evolving state of the game.

In tandem with the player base's rollercoaster ride, the item economy experienced its own trials. The market cap, which stood at $3.52 billion at the beginning of October, faced a downturn and concluded December at $2.9 billion. This significant dip of $0.62 billion, or a 17.6% decrease, reflected the turbulence experienced by the CS2 item market during its initial months of public release. The challenges posed by the state of the game and the evolving player dynamics served as a testament to the unpredictable nature of the CSGO and CS2 item economy during this transformative period.

Credit: @GabeFollower

2024 Speculation

With Valve working hard to polish CS2 and with data mine leakers pointing towards a potential new case and hopefully an Operation this year, the state of the player base and item economy can swing two ways. If Valve fails to continue polishing Counter-Strike 2 and the community becomes bored with the lack of new content, we can see the player base and item economy slide even further. However, if the developers can keep the community engaged and hyped with the fixing of the game and potential release of new content, perhaps 2024 will see a rebound to the item price and player count the game saw at its peak back in May of 2023.


In conclusion, the journey through Counter-Strike: Global Offensive (CSGO) and Counter-Strike 2 (CS2) has been marked by unprecedented highs and lows in the item economy. As we enter 2024, the future hinges on Valve's efforts to refine CS2 and introduce fresh content. The trajectory of the player base and item economy remains uncertain, but the community's resilience suggests an ongoing saga of surprises and challenges. Speculations presented here should be seen as reflections on the evolving landscape rather than financial advice. The coming year holds the promise of new chapters, and only time will unveil the narrative of the CS2 item economy.


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